Karate Terminology Overview

 

Karate Terminology

             
Ake Uke
Up Block
Age Tsuki
Rising Punch (like in Empi)
Ashi Barai
Sweeping
Awase Tsuki
U-Punch (like in Nijushiho)
Budo
Martial Art - or The Martial Arts Way
Bunkai
Kata Application
Bushi
Warrior
Bushido
The Way of the Warrior
Choku Tsuki
Straight Punch
Chudan
Middle level/mid section or body level (solar plexus)
Dachi
Stance
Dan
(Black Belt) Rank
Deai
Direct (interception) counter against an attack 
Dojo
House of the Way (Training room) 
Dohai 
One's equal in rank/age (see sempai & kohai)
Enbusen
Walking Pattern of the Kata
Fumikomi
Stomping Kick
Gedan
Lower level (groin and leg level)
Gi
Karate Uniform (also called Dogi)
Gyaku Hanmi
Reversed half body
Gyaku Zuki
Reverse Punch
Haishu
Back of the Hand
Hara
Center of Abdomen (Center of Energy for Asian Cultures)
Haito
Sword Ridge (Opposite of Shuto)
Hanmi
Half Body (Hip rotated to the side to half the target area for the opponent)
Hidari
Left
Hiki-te
Pulling Hand
Ippon Ken
One Knuckle Fist
Jiyu Kumite
Freestyle Sparring
Jodan
Upper Level (Face Level)
Juji Uke
X-Block
Kagi Zuki
Hook Punch (like in Tekki)
Kakiwake Uke
Push aside Block (like in Heian Yondan)
Kamae
Fighting Position
Keage
Snapping
Kekomi
Thrusting
Kata
Form
Kihon
Basic
Kumite
Sparring
Keri Waza
Foot Techniques
Kiai
Fighting Yell
Kohai
One's Junior (the following student after you in rank/age)
Kime
Focus of muscles and mental energy at the end of the technique at the time of impact
Kizami Zuki
Punch with the Lead (front) Hand - opposite of Gyaku Zuki
Mae
Forward
Maai
Distance
Makiwara
Punching Board
Migi
Right
Mondo
(Inspirational) Talk with the Sensei/Master (Q&A)
Nukite
Spear Hand
Otoshi Uke
Dropping Block (like in Jion)
Shuto
Knife Hand
Sabaki
Moving (escaping) to the side
Teisho
Lower Palm
Tekubi
Wrist
Tokon
Fighting Spirit (also Gi manufacturer with great Gi)
Uraken
Back First
Ushiro
Backwards
Yama Zuki
Mountain Punch (like in Bassai Dai but also like in Jitte)
Yame
Stop
Yoko
Sidewards
Yori Ashi
Side Step
 

Counting in Japanese:

One
Ichi
Two
Ni
Three
San
Four
Shi (or) Yon
Five
Go
Six
Roku
Seven
Nana (or) Shichi
Eight
Hachi
Nine
Kyu
Ten
Ju